Data Bag is a Global Variable which stores JSON data. It uses for searching. And it loaded by accessing during a search. It manages a chef management console web interface. This will allows each data bag item to store confidential information. We use encryption for database passwords. In this blog, you can understand Data Bag creation using devops. You can follow devops online training to get updates of devops.
Data Bag creation using devops
Creating a knife Data bag from file
data bag creation can be done in two ways. They are using Knife method or Manual Method. Generally, Knife method uses for the database creation. Both can be used to create data bag folders and data bag item using JSON. But both knife and manual method are safe and effective. Chef server uses for to store share, global data between nodes using data bags.
Knife interact with chef servers to manage its nodes, roles & cookbooks.Knife uses to read and write data blogs. We can use both encrypted & non-encrypted data blogs. It uses for the store and deploys sensitive data.T he sensitive data uses are passwords or SSL Certificate etc. You can create, update and read encrypted data bags. You get chef Data Bag Creation Using DevOps examples in DevOps online training.
Store Data in a Data Bag
Create data bags first. After that sub-directory is created with the same name as data bag. For each data bag, a JSON file is created and placed in a sub-directory. when deploying from a private repository using data bag. We can use deploy_Key option to ensure private key is present
Data Bag items
A data bag is a collection of data bag items. Each individual data bag item is a JSON file. knife loads data bag item by specifying the name of the Data Bag Creation Using DevOps. The structural requirement of data bag item must have an id.
Encrypt a Data bag item
For version 0:
Version 0 allows to store confidential information. Each database items encrypts individually. If there are multiple encrypted data big items, then they are not required to share the same encryption keys. An encrypted data bag item writes in YAML format. Base 64 encoding is uses to preserve some special characters. data is encrypt using AES-256-CBC.
For version 1
An encrypted data writes in JSON format. Base 64 uses for preserving special characters. Data encrypts at AES-256-CBC. A data bag encrypts random initialization.
The values of Data Bag Creation Using DevOps item are decrypted. Along with the values associated with id, the key is not encrypted.
For version 2
It is same as version 1. It can disable version 0 and version 1 encryption formats.version 2 adds encrypt-then-mac protection.
In knife encrypt and decry-pt options available for data bag items .here we can create, edit from the file.
There ate two options available in knife.they are the secret option and secret file.
Edit a data bag item
we use knife and chef management console for editing. we use edit argument for editing knife. if encryption is done it can be decrypted also. the data will be available in EDITOR. First open the $EDITOR .after opening you can update the data. Similarly first open chef management console. then click on policy and click data bags. Then select data bag and finally, you can edit there. You can also clear information in DevOps online course.
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